Indian Spices & Their Recipes

Since early times, spices have been closely linked to magic, preservation, cultural traditions, medicine and embalming. During India’s external trade with Mesopotamia, Sumeria, China, Arabia and Egypt, spices were an important component along with textiles and perfumes. This was way back 7000 years ago. This was way before Romans and Greeks.

The clove was first mentioned in the Ramayana and some writings dating back to Roman Empire in 1st century AD.

There are a variety of spices that are found throughout India. As India has a lot of climatic regions, it produces a lot of spices. Many of these spices originated in the subcontinent itself and others have been imported and since then have been locally cultivated for ages. There have been many journeys done to Indian subcontinent in search of rich spices. It is believed that King Solomon sent his men to look for Indian spices.

Almost 2.5 million tonnes of spices are produced in Indian continent every year. Almost 200,000 tonnes of spices are exported from the continent every year. Out of about 500,000 tonnes of import that is done throughout the world, India share is 44 %.

Indian spices are well known for their preservative, medicinal and seasoning effects. Besides adding color, smell and taste, Indian spices take care of your health.

In this article, we have collected a list of Indian spices and their delicious recipes:-

  • Cardamom

     

    Photo Courtesy: Bulgarian Spices

    In Indian cooking, two kinds of cardamom are there: green and black. Green cardamom is commonly found kind of spice. It is used in many things including spices, desserts and lassis. The flavor of cardamom is sweet and light. It has scent of eucalyptus. When you prepare spices like garam masala, you can make use of whole green cardamom. But if you are preparing sweets or desserts, you should open the pod and crush the black seeds inside it.

    Black cardamom is very smoky and powerful. Caution should be guarded when using it.

  • Clove

     

    Photo Courtesy: The Candida Diet

    Clove is commonly used spice of Indian cooking. Its fragrance is present in many Indian dishes. Clove consist of essential oils which give it a strong, medicinal flavor. Cloves are basically flowers. A lot of their oils is extracted before drying and cooking. Cloves can be used as a whole or mixed with spices.

  • Cassia

     

    Photo Courtesy: Essential Oils

    Cassia bark is also known as Chinese cinnamon. It comes under the genus of cinnamon tree. Cinnamon differs from cassia and is also known as “true cinnamon.” The production of cassia is cheaper and a large portion of ground cinnamon is prepared from cassia bark. People prefer using cassia instead of cinnamon as it is mild in flavor.

  • Black Pepper

     

    Photo Courtesy: Ahimsa Oils

    Black pepper is a spice that is commonly found in India, specially in Malabar region and Western Ghats. This spice is very hard to grow. It takes many natural cycles like a good rainfall, that is why prices for fresh pepper keep on changing. Black pepper requires toasting before blending.

  • Cumin

     

    Photo Courtesy: naturnorm

    Cumin is used to make Indian dishes spicy and smoky. Its brown seeds have intense fragrance. It should not be confused with anise, caraway and fennel. You can differentiate it with its taste and colour.

  • Coriander

     

    Photo Courtesy: Tiptop Home Remedies

    One of the most popular spices is Coriander. Coriander is one of the oldest spices of the world. It can be identified by its golden yellow color and gentle ridged texture. The seeds of coriander have very nice fragrance with a touch of citrus. Many spice mixes use ground coriander.

  • Nutmeg and Mace

     

    Photo Courtesy: Chalmers Trade International

    Nutmeg and mace are a favourite Indian spice and much used in Indian cooking. Nutmeg is covered with mace, which is dark-red in colour. Fresh nutmeg can be processed if you remove the pulpy outside and sliding the mace.

  • Mustard Seeds

     

    Photo Courtesy: Graina

    Mustard seeds, which are brown, black or yellow can be interchangeably used in Indian cooking. Mustard seeds are flavorful and are cooked and crushed. They have nutty and smoky flavor. The oil of mustard is commonly used in Northern parts of India.

    Some traditional Indian dishes include: Masala Dosa, Rogan Josh, Hyderabadi Biryani, Vada Pav, Dhokla

    For more interesting recipes visit: http://tastyfix.com/

Delicious Rice Recipes For All Occasions

One of the best ingredients in Indian food is rice. It is used around the world as a dessert or a main dish. More than 40,000 kinds of rice are there with different colors, sizes and shapes. There are many cultures where rice is considered sacred symbol of fertility and life. Rice is considered to be a very important crop in India. It covers one-fourth of total cropped area. It is a source of food for nearly half of Indian population.

Rice is usually classified as long-grained, medium and short. To get rid of excess starch, rice should be rinsed thoroughly. If you want to save time, you can soak it before cooking.

Some popular rice varieties are basmati, jasmine, wholegrain and generic long-grain.

Jasmine, which is also called Thai rice is sticky in texture and has nice fragrance. One of the good quality Jasmine is Carolina Jasmine. Basmati, which is also called “Prince of Rice”, is very fragrant, slender and long. Some good varieties of basmati are brown and white. Another popular brand of basmati is Amira. Japonica is mainly found in California. It is used in a lot of Carribean and Japanese cuisine.

Culturally, rice is very important around the world. In many cultures of the world, rice is showered on bride and groom at the wedding’s end. Some cultures worship rice in the form of deities.

In this article, we have collected a list of traditional Indian Rice dishes that will make you drooling.

  • Handi Biryani

     

    Photo Courtesy: Quora

    This slow cooked rice is prepared with layers of vegetables, masalas and chicken. This dish will surely win hearts.

  • Mutton Biryani

     

    Photo Courtesy: Zaika Delhi

    This is a delicious rice dish prepared with pieces of mutton. The rice is cooked dum style.

  • Mushroom Risotto

     

    Photo Courtesy: KitchMe

    This Italian-style risotto is cooked very slowly. It goes well with grilled meats and chicken. You should check the rice by biting it. At the centre, it should not be very hard.

  • Tamarind Rice

     

    Photo Courtesy: The Curious India

    This tangy rice dish is prepared with urad dals and channa. Flavours of tamarind pulp are added to the rice to give it delicious flavour.

  • Bisi Bele Bhath

     

    Photo courtesy: Sulekha.com Indiapulse

    Bisi Bele Bhath is a popular rice dish of Karnataka. It is also known as ‘Bisi Bele Huliyanna’ in Kannada. It is prepared with arhar dal, rice, jaggery, tamarind, curry leaves, veggies and spices.

  • Mutton Yakhni Pulao

     

    Photo Courtesy: Secret Indian Recipe

    This Yakhni pulao is very easy to prepare. It is highly fragrant and flavourful. Meat is marinated for a long time in yogurt and it is boiled in water with lot of spices.

  • Zafrani Pulao

     

    Photo Courtesy: Boldsky Hindi

    Zafrani pulao is a dish with nice fragrance and amazing flavours of saffron that results in a mouth-watering rice dish.

  • Tomato Rice

     

    Photo Courtesy: The Frugal Chef

    This is a very easy recipe of tomato rice. It is simple, spicy, quick and delicious and is prepared with limited ingredients. It can be prepared in pressure cooker/pot.

  • Chicken Dum Biryani

    Photo Courtesy: Ginger Garlic

    This is a delicious chicken biryani. It is prepared so perfectly that you will surely try it multiple times.

  • Hyderabadi Biryani

     

    Photo Courtesy: Al Barakah Halal Meat & Deli

    Hyderabadi Biryani is a famous rice recipe. It is always a hit in parties. Half boiled rice is topped with mint, fried onions and cooked mutton. It is sealed with dough and cooked ‘dum’ style.