Dosa: A Staple Food of South India

Photo Courtesy: ndtv

Photo Courtesy: ndtv

Listed on the World’s 50 most Delicious Foods, Dosa is a fermented crepe. It is made of rice batter & black lentils. Dosa originated in South India and is a major food in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, Kerala & Andhra Pradesh. Although, it is a popular dish in other states of India too. It has also made its presence in other countries like Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Singapore & Malaysia.

 

History of Dosa

Photo Courtesy: gosvalayurmed

Photo Courtesy: gosvalayurmed

Dosa represents South Indian food. Its exact place of origin is a matter of discussion. But, according to K.T. Achaya, a food historian, dosa has its origins in ancient Tamil country in 1st century AD. According to the researcher P. Thankappan Nair, dosa has its source in the Udipi town of Karnataka. It may also be due to the dish’s connection with Udupi restaurants that dosa’s origins are linked to Udipi.

The original dosa of Tamil was thicker and softer. The dosa which is popular nowadays is crispier and thinner and it was first made in Karnataka.

 

Variations of Dosa

Photo Courtesy: 8elementssd

Photo Courtesy: 8elementssd

There are many variations of Dosa. Some of them are listed below:-

Masala Dosa(click on the link to know more)
• Mini soya dosa
• Pesarattu
• Light white dosa
• Mysore Masala Dosa
• Onion Rava Dosa
• Ragi Wheat Dosa
Rava Dosa(click on the link to know more)
Benne Dosa(click on the link to know more)
Neer Dosa(click on the link to know more)

 

Nutritional Value

Dosa is a perfect breakfast dish and a street food. It is high in carbohydrates and has no saturated fats or sugar. As its ingredients include urad dal (Vigna mungo) and rice, it is also rich in protein. Due to the fermentation process involved in its preparation, it has increased content of Vitamin C and Vitamin B. Dosa should be avoided by diabetics as they have high glycemic index. They contain low calorie but high fat.

 

How to Serve?

Photo Courtesy: crosscountrexchange

Photo Courtesy: crosscountrexchange

To make it a complete meal, dosa is often stuffed with vegetables and sauces. Normally, there is a vegetarian side dish that is served with dosa. Common side dishes include:-

• Sambar
• Chutney(Most commonly: Coconut chutney)
• Dry Chutney
• Pickles

 

How to Prepare?

For a quick and easy recipe of some popular dosas click on one of the following links:-

Simple Dosa
Masala Dosa
Rava Dosa
Onion Rava Dosa
Neer Dosa
Pesarattu
Mini Soya Dosa
Mysore Masala Dosa

 

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