10 Indian Cities & Their Unique Food

Besides being culturally diverse, India is diverse in its food. While the North is known for ‘Chole Bhature’, South is known for ‘Idli Dosa’. Like this, all Indian cities are known for their unique food. In this article, we have collected food from every region of India.

  • Delhi

     

    Photo Courtesy: Indian Healthy Recipes

    Photo Courtesy: Indian Healthy Recipes

    Delhi is known for its delicious food. Delhi’s famous dishes, Chole Bhature and Chaat Papdi cannot be found anywhere else. So, if you visit Delhi, the next time you should order a large plate of this snack.

  • Mumbai

     

    Photo Courtesy: HungryForever

    Photo Courtesy: HungryForever

    Vada Pav is Indian form of vegetarian burger. It is a very popular food of Maharashtra. It is a very important dish that is available in every corner of Maharashtra.

  • Lucknow

     

    1d895b4f6035dd65f334a9a94fec6ba8--places-to-see-kebabTunde Kebab a very important dish of Lucknow. The dish belongs to the Awadhi cuisine. The Kebab gets its name from one-armed chef “Murad Ali” who had a nickname of “Tunde”. Tunde Kebab is prepared with the help of 160 spices. It is a family secret.

  • Kolkata

     

    Photo Courtesy: HungryForever

    Photo Courtesy: HungryForever

    Kolkata is known for its sweets and music. In this city, the delicious rasgulla was invented. Whenever you visit this city, you must try Sandesh and rasgullas.

  • Srinagar

     

    Photo Courtesy: Boldsky

    Photo Courtesy: Boldsky

    Srinagar is known for its beauty as well as delicious food. If you want to try the special taste of Kashmir, then you must try the gustaba, a meatball curry. It is best served with Kashmiri pulao. You must try the dish when you visit Srinagar.

  • Chennai

     

    Photo Courtesy: The Better India

    Photo Courtesy: The Better India

    Chennai is known for Idli, Sambhar and Dosa. These delicious delicacies are not to be missed.

  • Hyderabad

     

    hyderabadi-dum-biryani.jpg.image.784.410Hyderabad was ruled by Nizam. And it is greatly influenced by Mughlai and Andhra cuisine. Hyderabadi dum biryani is a staple dish of this city.

  • Jaipur

     

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    Photo Courtesy: The Better India

    Jaipur is well known for its beautiful fabrics and Polki jewellery. Besides this, the food in Jaipur is awesome. The Dal Bati Churma is an excellent dish which is served with ghee.

  • Agra

     

    Photo Courtesy: Indobase

    Photo Courtesy: Indobase

    Besides being known for the Taj Mahal, Agra is also known for Petha, a world renowned sweet. So, whenever you visit Agra, you must try it.

  • Amritsar

     

    Photo Courtesy: CookingWithSapana

    Photo Courtesy: CookingWithSapana

    This city is famous for its sarson da saag and makke di roti. The Golden city is also known for its tasty Paranthas and Amritsari chole.

History of Some Interesting Dishes of India

Indians love food. Every Indian likes to indulge in the guilty pleasure of rich food. We are a nation of diverse people with many differences. But food is one thing that unites us. Although the food of our nation is also diverse but it is enjoyed by everyone. It is also a fact that the cuisines of India vary with states.

In all these varying cuisines there are certain foods that you may wonder how they originated. And that is why we have collected some interesting dishes and their stories that you will find amusing.

  1. Biryani

Biryani

The word ‘biryani’ comes from the Persian word ‘birian’ meaning ‘fried before cooking’. According to the legend, Mumtaz Mahal(1593-1631), while visiting the army barracks realized that the soldiers there were under-nourished. She ordered that a dish be made that can provide balanced nutrition. The chef prepared many dishes but Mumtaz liked biryani as it was a one pot complete meal.

Biryani Recipe

  1. Butter Chicken

Butter Chicken

Butter Chicken originated in New Delhi. It was introduced by Chef Simon Mahil Chahal in Moti Mahal restaurant. According to the legend, one night when the restaurant shut down, a VIP guest visited the restaurant and asked for a chicken dish. The chef realized that he had only half chicken tandoori in his stock. He decided to improvise on the dish and put in large amounts of butter, tomato and masalas and invented a new dish. The VIP guest was none other than the ruler of Mareelun and he loved the dish. And that’s how it became popular.

Butter Chicken Recipe

  1. Idli

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The earliest origins of Idli is in ‘Vaddaradhane’ of 970 A.D. A story in which Idli is one of the eighteen dishes served to a Brahamchari. But, the recipe of making Idli is not present in the story.

If we dig a little deeper into history, we find our answers. The Chinese historian Xuang Zang claims that India had no steaming containers. But around 800-1200 AD, the Hindu Indonesian Kings brought with them, the methods of steaming and fermentation. They gave birth to a unique dish called Kedli in South India which resulted in the formation of Idli.

  1. Sambar

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Although Idli was created a long time back, Sambar came into the scene much later. It was in the 18th century that a dish called amti was created in the kitchen of the ruler Shahuji of Thanjavur. It was a very special dish as it contained kokum as one of its ingredients. One season, the kokum ran out of supply. Everyone was thinking what to do when an advisor of the court advised that tamarind pulp should be used instead of kokum to maintain sour taste. So, a dish was made which contained vegetables, tuvar dal, spices and the pulp of tamarind. The dish was served to Shahuji’s cousin Sambhaji. Everyone loved the dish and it was named Sambhar after the name of the guest Sambhaji.

Sambar Recipe

  1. Paneer

paneer

Most Indian dishes contain Paneer. The list of dishes is endless, starting from Shahi Paneer to Palak Paneer. But, it is known to few that Paneer was invented by accident. Once, the Mongols were on a trip on their horses. They were travelling with Mushkis(bags of raw-hyde) which contained milk. Due to the rennet of leather and the dessert heat made Paneer out of the milk. The Mongols found the Paneer to be very delicious. In the years that followed, this ingredient was brought to India and it was an instant hit.

Try these Paneer recipes:-

Shahi Paneer Recipe

Paneer Lababdar Recipe

Palak Paneer Recipe

  1. Samosa

samosa

One of the most famous snack in India today is samosa. But, do you know about its origins? It originated from Central Asia. According to legend, the traders from different parts of the world traveled to India using Central Asian trade routes. They could not carry heavy food so they cooked small triangles that were filled with mince. These were easy to make and carry and could be eaten anytime. When this dish came to India, it was a big hit and Samosa became a staple snack for kings and commoners alike.

Samosa Recipe

 

  1. Pav Bhaji

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The origins of Pav Bhaji are in the city of Mumbai. A local vendor came up with this dish after realizing the problems of daily mill workers. The workers had a very short meal break. They had to do rigorous physical labor after these mini breaks. So, a light lunch was needed. So, the local vendor created a dish with leftovers of other dishes. The roti and rice was substituted with Pav. And the curries were converted into a spicy mixture called ‘bhaji’. The dish became very popular and is loved by all.

Pav Bhaji Recipe

  1. Vada Pav
Photo Courtesy: Raks Kitchen

Photo Courtesy: Raks Kitchen

Like Pav Bhaji, Vada Pav was also created in Bombay. The dish was created by Ashok Vaidya, who was a snack vendor outside Dadar station. Dadar is a major hub for commuters and a very important station. Vaidya, very innovatively came up with this recipe so that the commuters can eat on the go. The dish was served with fiery red chutney made up of peanuts, coconuts, garlic, chilli and tamarind. This was in 1971 and the dish is still very popular in Bombay and all over India

Vada Pav Recipe

  1. Kebabs

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Kebabs are very popular in the Middle East and also loved by Indians. It was invented in the Medieval Era of Turkey. According to the legend the travelling soldiers wanted to save meat and that is why they cut small pieces of meat, grilled them and ate them with bread. The dish has become popular all over the world today.

Kebab Recipe

  1. Tandoori Chicken

Tandoori Chicken

The same restaurant that gave us Butter Chicken, gave us Tandoori Chicken. It was at Moti Mahal Delux, that the dish was invented by the Chef Kundan Lal Gujral. The chef always tried to experiment with dishes. He loved his tandoor and as an experiment, he took some chicken, applied spices and put it in tandoor. The resulting dish was so good that even Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (First Prime Minister of India) liked it. Later, the dish was prepared for many Indian dignitaries like Richard Nixon, John F. Kennedy, King of Nepal, Shah of Iran etc.

Tandoori Chicken Recipe

Swad Ka Safar(Experience UP Cuisine)

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Uttar Pradesh(UP) is located at the Northern part of India so its culture and cuisine are greatly influenced by the rulers who arrived here from outside India. Heart of the state, Lucknow is a witness to all the cultural and culinary variations from ancient past till now.

Other than Lucknow, other districts of UP are also known for their food like Banaras is known for its Kaddu Purie, Mathura is known for Pedha, Agra is known for Petha, Kanpur is famous for its Kakori and Boti kebabs. Every state has its distinct taste.

The cuisine of Lucknow is synonymous to Mughlai cuisine or Awadhi cuisine as it has been ruled by Mughals. Mughlai and Awadhi cuisines are similar to those of Kashmir and Punjab due to the common influence of the Mughal rule. Nawabi Food is another name for these cuisines. These Nawabi foods comprise of some special combination of spices like cardamom, saffron, and flower extract like Kewada Itra, which is an essential ingredient of Kebabs.

DUM PUKHT Photo Courtesy: flickriver

DUM PUKHT
Photo Courtesy: flickriver

Mughlai or Awadhi cuisine introduced the new techniques of cooking which is known as Dampukth. In this style of cooking food is sealed in a large pan called handi which is placed on slow heat which allow the ingredients to be cooked in their own juices. And the final result is in the form of a flavorful and aromatic dish.

Cooks of this cuisine are also categorized into different categories according to the amount of food they are supposed to cook. The Bawarchis cook food in large quantities while the Rakabdars cook in small gourmet quantities and also specialize in garnishing and presentation. Nanfus are the special cooks who deal only with making breads like Roti, Chapati, Naans, Sheermals and Kulchas. The Lucknowi cuisine is incomplete without the description of some elaborate dishes such as Kebabs, Kormas, Biryanis, Roomali Roti, Stuffed Parathas.

Galouti Kebab

Galouti Kebab

Kebabs: Awadhi kebabs are grilled on chulha or grilled tandoor. Seekh Kebabs were introduced by Mughals and are made by beef mince on skewers and cooked on charcoal fire. Nowadays lamb mince is preferred for its soft texture.

Galouti KebabIt is made of minced meat and spices without binding agent.

Kakori Kebab: It was originally made in the Darghah of Hazarat Shah Ahder Sahib with divine blessings. It was made by the leg of mutton with khoya and spices.

Some dishes of UP are synonymous to the festivals. For eg. Gujia is prepared on the occasion of Holi .Recently, Makar Sankrinti which is also known as Khichdi was celebrated. On this occasion khichdi is prepared at every household.

The cuisine of UP cannot be explained in words or any definition.

For recipes from UP, India and around the world, please visit: http://tastyfix.com/