Indian Cuisine: It’s History and Evolution

In the 5000 years of Indian history, India has welcomed many settlers from around the world. Indian cuisine has evolved into different forms due to its homogeneous nature. India’s food has been divided according to different religions and regions. Different areas and regions in India have their own cooking recipes, spices and ingredients. With a population of over one billion, the food in India is as diverse as its people.

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Indian cooking has been mostly influenced by Hindu and Muslim style of cooking. Each of the settlers who migrated to India have given their own culinary methods to India. In India, two cultures of cooking are practised i.e. Hindu for vegetarian food and Muslim for cooking of meats. Mughlai food, Kormas(curry), nargis kaftas(meatballs), rogan josh and biryani are some of the favourite dishes that are prepared in a clay over tandoor. If we talk about South India, the cuisine is mostly prepared with rice and a thin soup called Rasam is added to it. Most South Indian recipes have coconut as their main ingredient. Some favourite Hindu dishes of South India include Idli(steamed rice cakes), Dosa(rice pancakes) and fermented rice.

The Indian cooking is largely influenced by Persians, Portuguese and Britishers. For example, the Britishers brought tea/chai into India. Most Indians love Chai.

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Indian cooking has four main regional styles i.e. East, West, North and South. North India was largely influenced by Moghuls. They ruled India for about three centuries and then were replaced by Britishers in 1800s. The Mughals gave us Saffron and rich gravies prepared from cream and pureed nuts. The Naan, which is a tandoori dish is not of the Indian origin. It came from Afghanistan where it is a staple food. Although, most of the people think that Naan is an Indian dish.

The South Indian food is totally opposite to that of North India. Their unique rice crepes and steamed rice cakes are a favourite among South Indians. Rice can be had in any meal and lunch usually has three dishes which can be served with rice.

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Hindus are divided into two categories i.e. meat eating and non-meat eating. In the West, states like Gujarat, Goa and Maharashtra have their unique food. In Gujarat, most of the population consists of Parsis, Hindu, Muslims and Jains. Each of them have their own style of cooking. The Parsis have very rich non-vegetarian diet that contains seafood and chicken while Jains are vegetarian. Most people in Gujarat are vegetarians and it’s vegetarian food is very famous.

The sea-food of Mumbai, Maharashtra is very famous. Most of the hotels and restaurants in coastal areas of Maharashtra serve seafood with a little of red chillies and coconut. Eastern states like, Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal and Jharkhand are very different from each other. Bengali cuisine is very delicate and contains fish and rice as its staple food. The Bengali cuisine is famous for a variety of dishes including mixed veg and milk based sweets.

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Orissa is famous for its squash blossoms which are dipped in paste prepared with rice, deep fried/turned to patties. Some other prominent foods of Orissa include seafood and fish. Bihar and Jharkhand are known for beans and vegetables. But they have Western influence with chicken, beef, goat and pork in their diet.

The Indian cuisine is largely influenced by Indian history. Each historical region have its own unique dishes with many ingredients. But there is a common thing about every region: a fondness for spicy snacks and sweet desserts. Besides being influenced by history, Indian cuisine is also influenced by religion, culture and traditions of India.

There is no other country which offers such a wide variety of exotic dishes with such a large variety of tastes for taste-buds.

10 Must Have Indian Traditional Dishes

It is a feast for your taste buds to try Indian food. Indian food is very diverse. In India, food is of two types, South Indian and North Indian. It can further be categorized into sub-groups like Rajasthani, Punjabi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Chettinad, Mughali, Kashmiri, Bengali and Hyderabadi.

If you happen to visit any place in India, there are some dishes that you must try. In this article, we have collected most ordered dishes with their recipes:-

  • Butter Chicken
    Butter Chicken is best served with Kaali Daal and Naans. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2gQiIaOIndian_Butter_Chicken_1
  • Tandoori Chicken
    Tandoori Chicken is an easy to prepare dish. You can prepare it anytime you feel like eating it. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2qNgRv7tandoori-chicken
  • Chicken Tikka Masala
    This delicious dish is prepared by marinating chicken pieces and then grilling them. Then they are added to thick and creamy gravy. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2qHuDPbZA0207H_chicken-in-creamy-tomato-curry-chicken-tikka-masala_s4x3.jpg.rend.hgtvcom.616.462
  • Rogan Josh
    This dish from Kashmir literally translates to ‘red lamb’. The colour of the dish is due to The red chillies that are used in the dish. Although, the name of the dish is fiery but the spiciness of the dish is reduced due to the cream added to it. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2qN6nvN15732-4359-mx
  • Malai Kofta
    A vegetarian alternative of meatball, Malai Kofta goes well with Jeera Rice or Naans(tandoor-baked flatbreads). Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2k7Wh2Tmalai-kofta14
  • Chole(Chickpea Curry)
    This delicious dish is best served hot with pooris or bhatooras. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2ijgL7dpunjabi-chole-recipe23
  • Palak Paneer
    This delicious dish is mildly flavoured and very healthy. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2hXqMLkpalak-paneer-recipe25
  • Kaali Daal
    Kaali Daal, which is also known as Ma Ki Daal is very nutritious and delicious. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2rtJQVokali-daal
  • Chaat
    This is one of the most popular snack of North India. Different kinds of variations can be found. A popular alternative to regular dinner is a chaat party. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2rtq50oगुजराती-चाट-बनाने-की-विधि
  • Naan
    This is a popular Indian bread that is best served with popular dishes like Tandoori Chicken and Kebabs. Here’s the recipe: http://bit.ly/2rLrQ5yimages

10 Delicious North Indian Recipes

North Indian cuisine is filled with rich gravies, spicy vegetable fries, slow-cooked meat and desserts. What makes the cuisine so great is the availability of vegetables, grains, fruits and spices. In this article we have given you some of the most cooked recipes of North India. A few delicious dishes from North-India are Rogan Josh, Chole Bhature, Dal-Bati Churma and Chaat.

The North Indian food is richer when compared to other cuisines of India as there are a lots of dishes that are made in desi ghee or fresh cream. Some of the dishes take long time to prepare and involve careful steps. But when you put them in your mouth, you know that you are in for a joyride.

North Indians also love simple comfort foods like Rajma Chawal, Dal Tadka etc. Their love for dairy is evident as most traditional meals are served with paneer, lassi, chaas, kulfi and kheer.

So, here are the best recipes from North India:-

  • Chole Bhature: This is a mouth watering dish that has its origins in Punjab. This dish comes with chickpeas cooked in various spices.

Chole Bhature

  • Rogan Josh: Rogan Josh is the main dish of Kashmir. This is a favourite dish of meat lovers.

Rogan JOsh

  • Stuffed Bati: This snack, cooked in ghee, is served with dal and chutney. Bati has filling of spices and paneer.

Dal Baati Churma

  • Rice Kheer: A perfect dessert for a filling meal, rice kheer is prepared with khoya, milk, nuts and cream.

Rice Kheer

  • Chicken Dum Biryani: Chicken Dum Biryani is a popular dish. This is a tasty biryani with chicken cooked in different spices.

ChickenDumBiryani

  • Aloo Samosa: This is a perfect snack for the evening tea. It is a fried snack that is stuffed with mixture of peas and potatoes.

Samosa

  • Nihari Gosht: This is a popular recipe of Hyderabad. This recipe originated in Delhi.

Nihari

  • Butter Chicken: Butter chicken is a great combination of chicken and spices and is very moist and tender.

Butter Chicken

  • Dahi Bhalla: Dahi Bhalla is a delicious treat that is prepared with yogurt and daal. These delicious bhallas are topped with sweet curd, tangy chutneys and spices.

DahiBhalla

  • Malai Kulfi: Malai kulfi is best served in a matki. It is prepared with condensed milk, dry fruits and saffron.

MalaiKulfi

8 Traditional Indian Winter Recipes

Winter is the season in which you can give your taste buds a good treat. Indian winter dishes are not only tasty but are also beneficial for overall health. These food keep you warm and strengthen immunity.

Sometimes mineral deficiency is caused due to winters which can be supplemented with proper diet. There are some winter foods like Gajar Ka Halwa(Carrot Halwa) and Makke Di Roti and Sarson da Saag which have many nutritional properties.

Here are 8 traditional Indian winter recipes that you must try:-

  1. Gajar Ka Halwa:
    Photo Courtesy: Youtube

    Photo Courtesy: Youtube

     

    Gajar Ka Halwa is one of the most famous winter dish. It is an all-time favorite dessert of India. It is a must have sweet during chilly winters. This sweet is prepared with ghee (clarified butter). It is filled with dry fruits and tastes really good in winter season as fresh, sweet carrots are available.Carrots help in regulating blood sugar and are rich in dietary fibre. Ghee helps in enhancing the physical and mental health. Ghee provides the body warmth and the dry fruits combat colds.

Gajar Ka Halwa recipe

 

   2. Sarson Da Saag:                                      

Saagroti

This is a traditional winter dish, very popular in Punjab. It is best consumed with makke ki roti, jaggery and butter. Sarson Da Saag is filled with nutrients. Sarson is enriched with protein and iron. It is also anti-inflammatory and an anti-oxidant, making it an essential part of diet.

Sarson Da Saag recipe

Makki Ki Roti recipe

 

  1. Spicy Sweet Potatoes:
    Photo Courtesy: sweetpeaskitchen

    Photo Courtesy: sweetpeaskitchen

     

    Sweet potatoes are available in large amounts in winter season. It is consumed in many forms. Some roast it, some boil it and spice it. Most people like to cook it with spices and then consume it with roti (also known as chapati). Sweet potatoes are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber.

Spicy Sweet Potatoes recipe

 

  1. Gaund ke laddoo:
    Photo Courtesy: healthyvegrecipes

    Photo Courtesy: healthyvegrecipes

     

    It is made of edible gum that is easily available and got from the bark of a tree. Gaund provides warmth in the body and also fights winter chills. These laddoos are made with ghee which is very beneficial in limited amounts. This special winter dish is best consumed with a glass of milk.

Gaund ke laddo recipe

 

 

    5. Rogan Josh:                                                                                                          Rogan Josh

This is a Kashmiri dish that is stuffed with dry fruits and nuts. The fiery spices add to the warmth provided by this dish to the body. The mutton used in the dish is cooked perfectly in spices that are traditional. Rogan Josh is a traditional dish that is delicious and hot and protects the body from cold.

Rogan Josh recipe

 

       6. Paya Shorba:

Photo Courtesy: pearlkitchen

Photo Courtesy: pearlkitchen

 

Paya Shorba is a soup which is prepared with hoof or trotters of a cow, lamb or goat. The shorba is prepared with spices that make it delicious. This delicious dish is filled with nutrition and is very good for winters as it generates heat in the body.

Paya Shorba recipe

 

  1. Undhiyo:
    Photo courtesy: hubpages

    Photo courtesy: hubpages

     

    This Gujarati dish is a specialty that’s made with papdi (a vegetable). A fiery veg dry stew is made using papdi and other vegetables like sweet potatoes, brinjals, peas etc. These vegetables are tossed with heat generating spices. The dish can be consumed with puris or methi muthiyas(a traditional dish).

Undhiyo recipe

 

    8. Rasam:                                                                                                         

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Rasam is a very popular South-Indian dish. Rasam contains red lentis, which are rich in fiber, antioxidants and proteins. This soupy dish is spicy and contains traditional masalas like turmeric and other spices. Besides that it contains some vegetables. It can be consumed as a whole meal. If you drink a bowl of rasam, it will help you bear the winter evenings more easily.

Rasam recipe

 

For more interesting recipes from around the world visit tastyfix.

The Queen of Indian Cuisine: Kashmiri Cuisine

Indian Cuisine: Kashmiri Cuisine

India is a country with as many cuisines as there are the number of communities. To simplify things, the food in India has been divided into 2 categories i.e. North Indian & South Indian. There are various categories of cuisines in India. This is first of the articles based on Indian Cuisine that we are going to present to you in our blog. In this article, we will talk about Kashmiri Cuisine.

Kashmiri Cuisine has its roots in ancient Kashmiri. Meat was a traditional food as mentioned in the Rigveda. Nilamat Purana, an ancient epic of Kashmir tells about the traditions of meat eating in Kashmir. This habit of meat eating persists still today.

It is also popular in many parts of Pakistan. The most popular cuisine today is mutton which has over 30 variations. In the early days, Kashmiri cuisine was very much influenced by Kashmiri Pandits. The Pandits in other parts of the country don’t eat meat normally. The Pandits of Kashmir have eaten meat (except beef) throughout the history. Most of Kashmiri Muslims are converts from the Pandit community of Kashmir. So, they also don’t consume Beef. Some important Kashmiri dishes are:-

  • Qabargaah
  • Dum Olav
  • Gogji Raazma
  • Goshtaba
  • Lyodur Tschaman
  • Matschgand
  • Modur Pulaav
  • Monji Haak/Gogji Haak
  • Mujh Gaad
  • Nadir Yakhin
  • Shaem
  • Qeleeya
  • Rogan Josh
  • Syun Pulaav
  • Tsarvan
  • Tschok Wangan
  • Yakhni

Tea forms a very important Kashmiri Pandit cuisine. The two types of tea found mostly are Kahwa(sweet green tea) and Sheer Chai(Noon Chai). These teas are normally taken with baked breads like Katlam, Kulcha, Roth or Bakarkhani.

Wazwan

Wazwan_majma

Wazwan is a meal that can have multiple courses. It is treated with great respect in Kashmiri Muslim tradition. The preparation of this dish is an art. All the preparation during the feast is meat based i.e. lamb, fish & chicken). In tradition, the number of courses is thirty-six for wazwan although there can be fewer number of courses.

Wazwan is regarded as the core element of their Kashmiri Muslim’s identity.