World Famous Dishes From Rajasthani Cuisine | India Canteen
The cuisine that originated in Rajasthan and the surrounding region in India is known as the Rajasthani cuisine. The state of Rajasthan is famed for its rich royal culture and heritage. The dry nature of the region, the extreme climatic conditions, scarcity of water and vegetation has witnessed evolvement of unique cooking styles and food habits of the natives that are noticeably different from other Indian cuisines. The Rajasthanis have moulded their culinary styles in such a way that many of their dishes can be shelved for several days and served without heating. The royal heritage of the region, as well as the gastronomic excitement among locals, have led to a wide variety of delectable and beautiful Rajasthani dishes starting from the main course to chaat to sweet recipes. Some items like Dal Baati Churma and Bikaneri Bhujia have garnered both national and international popularity among foodies.
The culinary style of the region to a great extent is shaped up according to the bellicose lifestyle of the natives. Unavailability of a variety of fresh vegetables, fruits and other ingredients and scarcity of water due to the dry nature of the region has a profound effect on the cooking style of the locals, particularly those living in the desert pockets. Traditionally the locals preferred to prepare such items that could be retained for a few days and consumed without heating them. The paucity of water in the region has witnessed extensive use of dairy products by the inhabitants like milk, butter and buttermilk so as to compensate or reduce the water content while cooking. Beans, dried lentils and legumes like gram flour, bajra and jowar form the main ingredients of many of the Rajasthani recipes. Ghee is liberally used in preparing different Rajasthani dishes which are rich in spice and flavour. Although predominantly a vegetarian region, the influence of the Rajputs who savoured non-vegetarian dishes including game meat saw the evolution of several luscious non-vegetarian dishes such as laal maas, jungle maas, khad khargosh and safed maas.
Rajasthani breads are made out of traditional staples of the region like corn, barley and millet which are grounded into flour. Breads are generally roasted in frying pans and served after adding ghee on each piece.
Famous Rajasthani Dishes
Rajasthani cuisine offers some exotic and delectable combo meals and dishes that are sure to delight the taste buds of foodies. Some of them are mentioned below.
Bajre ki roti made with bajra is a very famous and healthy flatbread that is relished across Rajasthan. Though it can be taken with any vegetable dish or kadhi, it is generally savoured with onions and Lahsun ki chutney that is a saucy preparation made with garlic. This combination has remained a staple food for the locals.
It is one of the signature Rajasthani dishes that have earned popularity across the world. This delicious platter contains a combination of three different items namely a spicy Dal, a deep-fried Baati and a mouth-watering and slightly sweetish churma ka ladoo cooked uniquely with different ingredients. The baatis are baked flaky round breads made of gehun ka atta, rava, besan, salt, milk and ghee that are typically served after dipping with ghee. The unsalted version of the baatis deep fried in ghee are crushed and mixed with jaggery and sugar thus forming the churma. The dal item is prepared of five different dals namely chana dal, arhar dal, moong dal, urad dal and whole moong and referred as panchmel dal or panch kutti dal.
It is a very famous, healthy and delectable dish from Rajasthan that originates its name from the combination of five ingredients used to prepare it. This extremely luscious and dry vegetable dish is prepared out of any five vegetables seasoned with a mix of aromatic spices and gets its tangy flavour from the use of dried mango powder called amchur. It is best savoured with roti/chapatti and rice.
Whenever we talk of Khichdi, we consider a wholesome and healthy meal made out of rice and different pulses. However, people of Rajasthan have some innovative and nutritious preparations of khichdi that are made using wheat, jowar and bajra in place of rice. Some of the famous ones are Gehun ki Bikaneri Khichdi made of wheat and moong dal that can be enjoyed with ghee, curd and mango pickle; and Bajra khichdi made of bajra and yellow moong dal and served with either curd or raita.
This is easy to digest and famous curry of Rajasthan made of gram flour balls with the gravy being prepared with buttermilk and different spices. It can be relished with both roti and rice.
Shahi Gatte or Govind Gatte is a rich and famous dish which consists of gravy with fried besan dumplings that are stuffed with nuts. It can be savored both with roti and rice.
Unlike the kadhi preparations of many of the other states like Punjab and Maharashtra, the Rajasthani Kadhi does not contain pakoras or gram flour dumplings. It is a very quick and easy preparation that is made with spiced yoghurt based gravy that is thickened with gram flour.
This is one of the most famous and mouth-watering meat preparations of Rajasthan which is enjoyed best with bajra ki roti, although rice can also be an option. The unique feature of this hot, spicy and rich preparation is its fiery red colour which it gets from the liberal use of red chillies.
This royal meat preparation is counted among the yummiest and most delectable Rajasthani non-vegetarian dishes that will surely make any non-vegetarian crave for more. The juicy and tender meat prepared with mild spices and milk comes with rich gravy seasoned with cardamom, lemon and khus-khus among other ingredients, making the dish even more luscious.
The Rajasthanis are known for their unique main course delicacies and also offer a wide variety of snacks items some of which have collected wide approval and are enjoyed across the nation. Let us have a glimpse at some of them.
Originated from the Bikaner region of the state, this crispy snack made of besan, moth beans and a mix of spices has become a household snack in India and has also gained much international fame.
Pyaaz kachori, a famous spicy snack from in and around Jodhpur has not only found the place in almost every snacks shop of Rajasthan but has also gained much popularity in other North Indian regions. It is a deep fried puffy pastry stuffed with spicy onion that is usually relished with sweet and sour imli ki chutney.
This crispy and crunchy snack delicacy made of a batter of chana dal, onion, dhania seeds, chillies and other ingredients savoured with chilli or mint chutneys forms a perfect tea-time snack.
The Jodhpur Mirchi Bada, a spicy chilli cutlet made of chilli and potato stuffing is a famous Rajasthani snacks item that goes along well with tamarind chutney, mint chutney or tomato sauce.
Rajasthanis are known for their love for sweets. There are wide varieties of Rajasthani sweets that are made from both dairy-based as well as non-dairy based products. In Rajasthan, sweets are never referred as desserts and unlike in the case of most other traditional regional meals where sweets are usually served after the meal, in Rajasthan these are savoured prior to, during and after the meal. Different sweet dishes from different parts of Rajasthan are Rassgollas from Bikaner, Malpauas from Pushkar, Mawa from Alwar and Mawa Kachori from Jodhpur. Let us have a glance at some of the famous and toothsome sweet dishes of Rajasthan.
It is a crunchy deep-fried sweet dish made of rounded doughs that are soaked in sugar syrup. The basic ingredients are maida, ghee, sugar and milk among others.
This sweet dish round in shape and made of flour, ghee, paneer and sugar syrup finds a place in every Rajasthani occasion. Varied type of Ghevars such as Plain Ghevar, Mava Ghevar and Malai Ghevar can be prepared.
Imarti is a delectable and finger-licking non-dairy based sweet dish. It is made of urad flour batter that is deep-fried in the shape of a circular flower and then dipped in sugar syrup.
Gujia is a stuffed sweet dish that finds a special place during the Holi festival apart from other occasions. It comprises of a sweet dumpling of maida or suji that is stuffed with khoya, coconut and roasted and grated dry fruits.
Kalakand is a famous sweet dish that originated from Alwar, Rajasthan. It is prepared by thickened and solidified milk, paneer, sugar and dry fruits, kalakand today finds a place not only in various Indian festivals and occasions but also in most of the sweet shops across the nation.